Somali Leadership Forum in Garowe – Is the future of Somali’s determined by Power Groups or by Institution?

“For a political system it is regarded as democratic, the role of social groups and strata does not seem as clear as they may seem at first glance” by: Haji-AwesAbdikader.

To achieve the policy of Vision 2016, the Somali President summoned other leaders to debate over ways to establish this. Vision 2016 includes a way in which progress against the Somali Compact can be achieved, setting up Interim Regional Administrations in Somalia, and forming a united Somali National Army. Discussion would also include ways in which to achieve equitable resource sharing within the set up Regions without causing tensions between different regions, while at the same time fulfilling the needs of the peoples of Somalia as a whole in an efficient and peaceful manner. While there is a clear demand for solutions to be made urgently for Somali refugees in Yemen and elsewhere in the world. Although Vision 2016 is a positive move towards solving these issues, it is questionable whether these unelected leaders are compatible in providing successful solutions for these huge issues. In reality, solutions can only be achieved through a specialist committee researching and providing solutions which can be positively engaged with in the international context and not by a simplistic meeting of three or four selected members.  Furthermore, their views would not exactly represent the members of the peoples of Somalia and therefore cannot be deemed to be democratic.

Firstly,Democratic governance ought to be shared throughout the social systems and strata in the nation as a whole; no group should be granted prior specific power prerogatives. This has been seen constantly throughout Somalian history. The historical significance of democratically constituted systems has been to make politically dominant classes. The role of strata and groups is dysfunctional and inoperative in governing capacity or competence.

Therefore, the issue of determining an analysis of the political authority must continue, should not without qualification, this means that there is a seat or place of political authority in the social structure in other words it should imply the existence of a seat or locus of political authority within the social structure currently established.Before proceeding in this manner, we must ascertain whether the question, so formulated, is indeed at all meaningful for the democratic political system.

Moreover, the Political competence within the current government is questionable, this inevitably is the cause of systematic failures of political authority within the democratic political system; the current system in existence, exists in the form of “who are the rulers and who are the ruled” and it should address itself from within and not in the form of ruling groups to the democratic socio-political system. There is no variation in their political postulate which is essential in maintaining a democratic balance.

Finally, we are motivated in changing the current approach by creating a better democratic political system, both in application and existence: engendering a system based on meritocracy and political competence.


National Economist

Haji Awes, Abdikader

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